感谢生命李丹阅读答案

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  感谢生命李丹阅读答案

  感谢生命

  李丹

  ①那是一个万物复苏的春天,我漫步在北京朝阳门外大街上,忽然发现天空中飘着许许多纤维状的白色物,一大片一大片,像下雪似的,但又比雪花更绵薄更柔软,纷纷扬扬,连天扯地。,缓缓地从身边擦过,

  ②我没见过这种东西,还以为是附近有什么工厂对环境造成的污染,不由吃了一惊。但看到后来,街上的人们,穿行在这漫天漫地的乳白色雾中,一副毫不介意,泰然处之的样子,任它轻轻地地从身上擦过,静静地落在脚边的地上,漫不经心地挂在林阴道的树枝上。一时间,大街上像披上了一层薄如蝉翼的白纱……

  ③后来,有人告诉我,这是杨絮。依靠风力在传播种子。

  ④这是我第一次亲眼见到植物自己播种生命的方式,我完全被震撼了。

  ⑤我的心里简直承受不住这份欣喜和景仰之情。我伸出一只手,只一瞬,便有一片悄悄地落入我的手心,像一朵小小的白云,载着希冀的梦幻。我不忍惊忧它美好的梦境,松开手,让它随风飘去。我看见它在风中纷飞旋舞,一忽儿上,一忽儿下,一忽儿左,一忽儿右,像在向我招手,又像在微笑。很快地,它与天空中无数羽毛交融在一起,带着一粒种子的希望,飘向它梦幻的草地与湖畔,去撒下一地可见的生命。

  ⑥因为有它,这世界才变得如此盎然,充满活力和勃勃生机

  ⑦谁见了这种场面也不会无动于衷,谁都不能不被这种生命不计成本、不惜一切代价的付出和投资所感动。在它辛劳的飘散中,仿佛听见一种声音在殷切地呼唤,那是它在呼唤每一粒种子落入黑平平的泥土地,绽出一枚嫩绿新芽,在春天里疯长,散发着生命的芬芳。这是它的心愿。但是这些成千上万飘飞着的杨絮,也许只有一颗种子能够遇到一片沃土,助它生根、发芽、长成一株浓阴蔽日的参天大树。而其余的种子,因为土地的贫瘠,尽管艰难地生长。终究无法蔚然成阴,而早早地夭折在胚胎中。但它依然如故,在这个季节从不失约地如期而至,自始自终不间断潜心这项浩大的生命工程的创造与劳动,办管耕耘,不问收获。

  ⑧我在想,杨絮日日夜夜不知倦怠地飘送,是因为它生命本能的使然,还是一种强烈生命意识的觉醒,想在创造中使自己的生命得以延伸保有一份永恒?是它深谙生命的无常,才将自己所有的精髓毫无保留地撒向人间,最大限度地展示一种生命过程,还是它将生命的价值,隐逸在这令人感泣的茫茫无际的生命绝唱和制造里?

  ⑨我不由自主地联想到人类的生命史。

  ⑩《圣经》上说,人类最早的祖先是亚当和夏娃。而唯物论者认为,人是由类人猿演变而来。人类的生命究竟以何种形式转化而成,我们从何而来?尽管至今为止,世上已有无数学者对生命的奥秘这个深奥的哲学问题进行最权威的论证和阐释,却没有一种答案能够令人满意或毫不置疑地信服。

  (11)其实,对于人类生命的起源,不是人类学家的我们,是用不着在这件事刨根问底、纠缠不清的,真正值得我们深思的命题在于:在大自然生命的启悟下,我们应该懂得怎样感谢生命,珍惜生命,把握生命。

  (12)由此我们没有理由不对生命投之以虔诚的谢意和崇高的敬畏。毕竟,生命属于每个人只有一次。即使在人生的道路上,事业、前途、爱情、家庭都如泡沫一样破灭了,也不必悲观,不要绝望,要知道,生存本身就是一种资本,一种幸运,一种对不公命运勇敢的挑战和蔑视啊。

  (13)感谢生命,赋予我像杨絮一样纯洁而质朴、异常珍贵而不懈追求的存在。

  9.第5段说:“我的心里简直承受不住这份欣喜和景仰之情。”作者景仰杨絮的什么呢?(6分)

  答:①杨絮带着种子呢的希望,撒下一地生命;②杨絮使世界变得盎然,充满活力和勃勃生机。

  10.作者为什么说杨絮“不计成本,不惜一切代价地付出和投资”?请结合原文回答(4分)

  答:成千上万的杨絮,也许只有一颗种子能得到生命,其余的便早早夭折了。但它们仍如期而至,只管耕耘,不问收获。

  11.请简要分析第9段在全文结构上所起的作用。(4分)

  答:第⑨段起承上启下(过渡)的作用。上文写杨絮的生命力量,下文写人的生命的力量和意义,由物及人,过渡自然,结构严谨(或者答“本段使文章从杨絮两想到人类的生命史)。

  12.作者为什么说要感谢生命?作者认为应该怎样感谢生命?请结合全文分别回答。

  答:①因为生命给了我们纯洁而质朴,珍贵而不懈追求的资本;②a应该最大限度地展示生命的过程。B在生命的过程中,不要悲观,不要绝望,快乐地生活;c对不公平的命运勇敢地挑战和蔑视;d在平常的生活中创造生命的最大价值。

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